Is an IT Park also an IT Cluster? Is an IT Park also an IT Cluster?
Parcul IT este și un Cluster IT?
First we have to answer the question: what is a cluster? Specialists define clusters as “geographic concentrations of interconnected companies belonging to a specific field. Clusters include a group of related industries and other important entities from a competition point of view. These include, for example, specialized input providers such as components, machines and services, or specialized infrastructure providers. Clusters often extend downstream to various distribution channels and customers and later to complementary product manufacturers and related industries through common qualifications, technologies, or inputs. “(Porter M., 1998)
The definition leads us to the conclusion that several companies belonging to the IT industry in the same area can form a cluster, so an IT park, like Digital Park Chisinau, is also an IT cluster. All economic analysts and IT & C industry experts appreciate the unintended positive effects of company interconnections, interactions between member firms showing both signs of cooperation and competition.
The advantages of the IT cluster are countless, the links of the actors involved are very varied, as well as connection patterns, even the most famous clusters in the world, Silicon Valley for example, are different by approach, innovation being an essential condition for success. The fact is that for the companies involved an obvious benefit is the negotiation force and the ability to engage in projects of greater magnitude and value, with the argument of neighboring the IT Park with developers in related fields with a much faster technology transfer with an evolution and vertical ascension.
The presence in the IT park of several companies in this industry ensures cooperation in project acquisitions, facilitating increased flow of information and technology transfer, makes possible an integrated marketing process, access to certain international funds, support from authorities, increasing competitiveness, developing client portfolios and, of course, developing new products and services.